World history and the connection of cultures
|Topics:||World War 1, Democracy, War, 🌍 Africa, 👑 Colonialism|
Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front is a documentation of personal experiences on the war front. It narrates the brutality that occurred during World War I and specifically on the French front when German, and the French collided. According to the narrative, the belief of the participants was that they choose to fight for their nations for the purpose of patriotism and nationalism. The war was characterized by blood shedding of property (Remarque, 912). Whereas Remarque’s details the fate of the young men who had been hired by a company to participant in the war, Connections documents the world view of the war.
According to Judge & Langdon (824), the experiences of the global citizens in the war were beyond the rare history. It documents the events and the dates as though it happened yesterday. Moreover, tit has a comprehensive 200 maps that show at what levels the war was active and renders a visual imagination of the world history. It details the occurrence of the world war from the Asian region, African, European to the American societies and their involvements as well as the reasons as to why they choose to engage in the war. This is unlike the Reilly’s World of History, which tells of the reasons as to why the imperialism and colonialism were part of the world war agenda and process. It is a framework that assists history students to analyze the variety of approaches used by participants of the global war (Reilly, 923). It details the cross-cultural comparisons and connection in different cultures of the world in historical lenses.
World War I Propaganda Posters was a documentation of the explore poster that was produced to motivate and inform the participants of the war the reason for going to war. For example, “Your King & Country Need You: To Maintain The Honor and Glory of the British Empire” (World History in Context) was a stamp that meant to spread the propaganda and give a notion of the recruitment process. They were an illustration of the household membership and urged people to participate and assist the British nation when preparing for the war. It was a good form of mobilization and outlined the royalty that one had to their nation and their colonial master.
The similarity of the documents is that they were all a tool for mobilizing people to go to war. They were meant to prompt sympathy for not engaging in an active fight, providing for those who fought or even to motivate those who were undecided on their support. Despite the contrast in approach, and how some say of the aftermath of the rebellion that colonial masters faced at the war front, they tell of a world history that should be passed from one generation to another.
It is clear that the participants of the world war had to be young strong men who had a love of their country and were willing to fight for survival and victory of their nations. In spite of the voluntary participation that saw the entry of European young men into the battlefield, the Africans who took part mostly included prisoners (Remarque, 915). Those who went to war were either those forced for the case of African’s who jumped in for the sake of their colonial masters or powerful to take advantage of others and those with resources to fight.
The motivation of Africans to go to war was to stand with the colonial master. As for the European and Asians specifically china and japan, they were fighting to defend themselves against their rivals who wanted to take over their resources. As such, all interested parties had either something to gain or lose hence the participation in the war to ensure they had an upper hand against their rivals.
The readings tell of the experiences of the war participants and indicate that there was patriotism and nationalism as the driving force. The effects of the war were massive loss of lives and property for those who survived the battlefield. Although the developing nations faced a deficiency of resources and were outnumbered; they choose to remain behind their developed nations’ ties and fight together. As for the survivals, they remain heroes to their nations, and as the world history is narrated, their faces will always show up.
Senegalese just like any other African Nations that vowed to be behind their colonial masters, France during the war were in it for relevance as allies and supporters of their ideologies. According to the historians, it is clear that patriotism was in reference to the European leaders and not necessarily on their colonial subjects (Lunn, 925). As for the Senegalese, they offered 140,000 of their people to be combatants in the western front, and they formed the war veterans who have documented their experiences and perspective of the war.
These readings on world history and the connection of cultures outline that World War I was fought on the basis of colonialism and those who participated. The developed countries were against the colonialism imposed on them by the developed nations. As for the developed nations they were driven by the desire to amass wealth and resources from their rivals and the third world nations.
- Edward H. Judge and John W. Langdon, Connections: A World History, Volume 2 (Pearson, 2011)
- Erich Maria Remarque , All Quiet on the Western Front (Ballantine Books, 1987)
- Joe H Lunn, Memoirs of the Maelstrom: A Senegalese Oral History of the First World War (Social History of Africa), (Heinemann1999).
- Kevin Reilly, World of History Volume 2: Since 1400 A comparative Reader (Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2013)
- World History in Context, “World War I Propaganda Posters” (World War Reference Library, 2002).