Uses of robots

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Introduction

The society has discovered diverse uses of robots as a way of solving the day to day life challenges that humans face. These advanced technologies are used in fields such as education, healthcare, military and logistics to achieve efficiencies in the completion of duties. For example, the gadgets help logistics companies to organize their warehouses neatly and with the shortest time possible. Robots are used in the diverse fields because human continue to modify their abilities thus enabling them to carry out more functions. For example, the ability of the gadgets to speak and behave like humans has enabled them to be used in healthcare to speak to patients and discover the illnesses that are affecting the individuals. There is need to understand the uses of robots and the characteristics that make them to be useful in various fields.

Robots are used in the logistics industry in managing warehouses whereby they carry items from one point to another in the warehouse (Wang, Ramik, Sabourin & Madini, 2012, paragraph 2). The machines work heterogeneously meaning there is no connection between them and how they work as a group. For example, one robot may be carrying goods into the warehouse while another may be carrying other goods from the store to the vehicle of a supplier who has bought the goods. Wang, Ramik, Sabourin and Madini (2012) however believe that the logistics industry may benefit more from robots by integrating the functions of various machines so that they can work together. The researchers proposed the use of wireless communication to enable the various machines to communicate with one another. The researchers also argue that the logistics industry should integrate various classes of robots such as legged and humanoid robots; each class of the robots carries out specific functions. For example, the humanoid introduces human behavior and characteristics in the system making it to be real.

The military uses robots as lethal weapons during war because they can speak and act on commands that they are authorized to perform (Hellstrom, 2013, p. 105). The use of the robots as lethal weapons is a new development because in the past they were used only for surveillance, inspection and collecting intelligence. The most common robots that carried out surveillance include the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and the Unmanned Ground Vehicles. The aerial vehicles were carried in a plane that would drop them at a certain zone and collect them when their work is done. These vehicles are usually operated by telephone and the operator is the one who commands the robot to fire arms. However, a new group of robots known as SWORDS (special weapons observation remote direct-action system) are used to carry out attacks because they are installed with deadly weapons such as grenades (Hellstrom, 2013). These machines are controlled at a close distance than the unmanned vehicles that are operated at a far range.

Robots are used in healthcare to treat mental health disorders in children, women and men (Costescu & David, 2014, p.7). These gadgets are used because of their ability to display human behavior (Kaur, 2012, p. 151). For example, the robots may speak to a child with mental illness during therapy. This motivates the child to speak because it is fun to communicate with the electronic gadget. The robot then gives the therapist information that may be useful in administering treatment for the child based on the information collection during the session. Costescu and David (2014) argue that children have positive attitude towards robots during psychotherapy meaning that the gadgets are efficient and acceptable in the society. However, the researchers argued that previous research indicated that the public wanted robots banned in the treatment of children and people with disabilities. This means that there is need to conduct more research in the future to find out if the public is still positive about the use of robots in psychotherapy as indicated in Costescu and David (2013).

The technology is also used in teaching children various subjects such as language in addition to treating their mental illnesses (Lai Poh, Causo, Pei-Wen, Ming & Yeo, 2016, p. 151). Teachers in elementary school use robots to teach children language because the gadgets can speak. In fact, learning language using robots is more fun for the children because they develop the interest to interact with the sophisticated machine. This takes place because robots have the ability to create an interactive environment. This interest then enables the children to learn how to pronounce and spell words correctly. The gadgets enable children to learn how to work in teams because when assigned with group task of developing robots, children divide duties to one another (Lai Poh, Causo, Pei-Wen, Ming & Yeo, 2016). The children also discuss about what they are doing and they help one another to solve the challenges they experience when developing the machines. The creation of robots also enables children to develop perseverance because they endure with the aim of completing the process meaning that they can do anything to achieve their goals. Children also play with robots during leisure time and this enables them to develop creativity both in school and in social life because the interaction with the gadgets gives them a new perspective about life.

Robots are sophisticated machines that help human beings to carry out functions in various fields such as education, health and logistics. Some robots are controlled by an operator, for example, those that help in carrying objects around a warehouse while others are programmed to carry out duties efficiently. There is need to develop the gadgets more so that they may carry out functions more efficiently and independently especially in the logistics sector. However, there are mixed reactions about the benefits of using robots in school and in health care. Some individuals believe that the gadgets should be banned from these fields while others argue that their use should continue because they offer huge benefits. This means that there is need to carry out more research to determine the public’s attitude towards the various uses of robots.

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  1. Costescu, C. A., & David, D. O. (2014). Attitudes toward using social robots in psychotherapy. Erdelyi Pszichologiai Szemle = Transylvanian Journal of Psychology, 15(1), 3-20. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.mylibrary.qu.edu.qa/docview/1673948472?accountid=13370
  2. Hellström, T. (2013). On the moral responsibility of military robots. Ethics and Information Technology, 15(2), 99-107. doi:http://0-dx.doi.org.mylibrary.qu.edu.qa/10.1007/s10676-012-9301-2
  3. Kaur, S. (2012). How medical robots are going to affect our lives. IETE Technical Review, 29(3), 184-187. doi:http://0-dx.doi.org.mylibrary.qu.edu.qa/10.4103/0256-4602.98859
  4. Lai Poh, E. T., Causo, A., Pei-Wen T., Ming, C., & Yeo, S. H. (2016). A review on the use of robots in education and young children. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 19(2), 148-163. Retrieved from http://0-search.proquest.com.mylibrary.qu.edu.qa/docview/1792129409?accountid=13370
  5. Wang, T., Ramik, D. M., Sabourin, C., & Madani, K. (2012). Intelligent systems for industrial robotics: Application in logistic field. The Industrial Robot, 39(3), 251-259. doi:http://0-dx.doi.org.mylibrary.qu.edu.qa/10.1108/01439911211217071
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