United States Education System
|Topics:||🚸 Public Policy, Early Childhood Education, High School, 🗽 American Culture, 🏳️ Government, 👨🏻🦼 Community Service|
American education system is not like that of many other countries. Despite the United States federal government contributing 10 percent to the national education budget, education is primarily the responsibility of state and local affairs. For instance in Minnesota, almost 80 percent of the public education funds comes from the state sources. About 17 percent comes from the local sources. The other 5 percent comes from the federal government.
Every state has its own departments of education and laws that regulate finances, the hiring of school workforce, student attendance, and curriculum. States also establish the number of years of essential education. In most states, education is essential from five or six to sixteen. But in some states, teens have to stay in school until the age 18. So this gives an illustration that has great control over what taught in its school and over the requirements that a student must meet. They are also answerable for the grant of these schools.
In most states, the public education system is further divided into local school districts that are managed by school board thus representing the local community. School districts can be small that covers only a small town or the rural country. Other is enormous covering a whole large city. According to their local policy, they responsible for coordinating education policies, planning the changing needs of the community and even working on the establishment of programs and curricula. They will also focus on delegating a varying amount of freedom or independent to teach individual school within their sector
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Public schools have also a relied heavily on local property and taxes to meet the vast majority of school expenses. Therefore, American schools have tended to reflect the education values, and financial capabilities of the community in they are located. Therefore, there is huge variation regarding school course, subjects, and other activities. The schools normally depend on the place they are located. Still, there are some common points such as the division of education system into three levels. These levels include the elementary or the primary education, secondary education and post-secondary education.
In the united state, formal schooling lasts for 12 years. This means that one will complete normal schooling when they are the age of 18 years. All children in the United States have access to free public schools. Private school both religious and non-religious is available, but students must pay to attend them. Many states and communities’ provide schools or special classes for children with special education needs. These needs will comprise the emotional and behavioral problems, moderate and severe learning difficulties, communication problems and other partial hearing disabilities. For the gifted and talented students, there privates’ schools that provides these needs.
In the United States, age is counted starting from physical birth while in other countries, age is counted from zero.
Early childhood education
The United States values daycare as being one of the fundamental elements of education. Daycare refers to early childhood settings that focus their goal on substitute care for children while their parents are absent. Daycares involve academic training, or they should involve solely socializing activities. Daycare is not required, but it is not for free. In fact, depending on the background it could be quite expensive. Daycare programs normally offer daily programs for up to 12 hours. Depending on the school, meals may be provided by the family or by the school. Transportation to and from the facility is facilitated by the parents. Some of the private day care programs might offer private transportation.
Preschool normally pre-k pre-kindergarten refers to the first formal academic classroom-based learning enrollment that a child customarily attends in the United States. It begins around the age in order prepare for the more and academically intensive kindergarten for that class for the children to participate. These pre-school differentiate themselves focusing on harvesting a Childs social development, physical development and emotional development. They commonly follow a set of an organization created teaching standards set for mapping curriculum and instruction activities and goals.
Some of the pre-school programs have adopted specialized methods of teaching. The methods include high scope, Montessori; high reach learning and creative curriculum .pre-school curriculum is not required. On the other perspective, it acts as a way to prepare children to better succeed in the kindergarten. Preschool normally offer two to three-hour session per day leading to few hours per week. Children will learn the alphabets, colors and elementary basics.
Formal education in the united state stars at the age of 5 years. The first program is the common one. basic students are on average in one classroom with same teacher most of the day. After completing elementary school, they proceed to junior high school where they move from class to class or each with a new class and new teacher with new students. During both elementary and middle school, children generally stay in the classroom as the average of 7 to 7 hours. During this stage, families have the option of selecting before and after school programs that are generally available from the school.
These all programs are not free because the family will have financed the child. If the program is in a location that us different from the school grounds, then transportation from and to school will be provided. In soaring school, students in their initial year are called fresher’s. They graduate when they have reached the second year. As compared to another level of education, High has a greater variety of subjects than before. Students stay in the classroom as the average of 7.5 hours and must earn a certain number of marks in order to graduate to the next class. After completing and passing their final exam, they are awarded high school diploma. In other countries, there are no such exams.
The number of class combinations and classes necessary depend on the school district and on the kind of diploma desired. Only with high school diploma, students are allowed to enroll in postsecondary education. It is essential to know that colleges and universities sometimes need certain high school credit or the tests to be allowed admission. Also, students must plan their high school career having those requirements in mind. In the high school years, students are given grades for their entire course and these grades are recorded. At the end of 12th grade, the learners are averaged out to provide a GPA. The grade will be used as a selection criterion when they will be applying for the college of university.
Higher education in the United States is an essential aspect. Anybody who wishes to takes a higher education in any field can do so if he/she has the required grades. The United States has more than 4000 public and private higher institutions. The fact the institutions is public of private is no indication quality or the education level offered. The same applies to the college and university terms, and the terms can be used interchangeably. The quality of can is good or substandard at either type of institution. Initially, the difference between universities and college is that university normally both graduate and undergraduates programs and has more professional’s facilities and manpower.
Since the united states no having made a distinction between education and higher level learning, a summary is provided of the features of the most commonly awarded degree that can be obtained either side of the university.
- Altbach, Philip. “The United States and International Education Trade”. International Higher Education, no. 31, 2015, Boston College University Libraries, doi:10.6017/ihe.2003.31.7367.
- Sportsman, Susan. “Competency Education And Validation In The United States: What Should Nurses Know?” Nursing Forum, volume 45, no. 3, 2010, pp. 140-149. Wiley-Blackwell, doi:10.1111/j.1744-6198.2010.00183.x.
- Starr, Paul. The Social Transformation of American Medicine. 1st ed., New York, Basic Books, 1982,
Offered for reference purposes only.