The Internet and the World Wide Web
|Topics:||Artificial Intelligence, Computer Science, Innovation, Video Game|
According to the instructions provided, the Internet and the World Wide Web (WWW) were once two distinct and separate systems. Nonetheless, today, these two terms are used interchangeably. This paper will try to example the different fields that were significant in the development of the Internet. It will also try to explain the different fields that were significant in the development of the World Wide Web. Apart from this, this paper will analyze how the two concepts became one by identifying and discussing the common traits of prominent developers and the changes in professional communication that have resulted from the transition of the written form to the electric form.
According to different literatures, the Internet mainly began as a way of connecting computers. Its history is mainly acknowledged to the development of electronic computers that were able to be connected via a wide area network (Berners et al., 2017). It made up of methods such as packet switching and the Internet protocol suite that enabled the sending of information from one computer to another. Networking between two computers was essentially achieved by wide-band communication lines that served as a communication channel between one computer and another.
The World Wide Web, on the other hand, was an information space wherein documents and other web resources are identified and interlinked by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) and hypertext links respectively, could be accessed through the Internet. Today, it is essentially the tool that people used when accessing the Internet (Aghaei et al., 2012). Unlike the Internet, which links different computers together, the World Wide Web is essentially a space that allows these same computers to store their information. Rather than connecting one computer to another, the World Wide Web allows one computer to access the information of another without them connecting.
The two concepts, the Internet and the World Wide Web, became one due to the layman’s inability to differentiate the two (Curran, 2012). The lay person failed to understand that while they were browsing the Web, they were actually making use of the Internet. It can also partly be blamed to researchers for failing to educate the normal Internet and World Wide Web user that by browsing the Web, they are actually making use of two different mediums. According to normal users of these two mediums, they are used to achieve one and the same thing, which is why the terms were merged into one.
The major common trait between the developers of the Internet and the developers of the World Wide Web is that they all shared the vision of making it easy for people to access large volumes of information, which is guaranteed when using both the Internet and the World Wide Web. These developers made information central by the ability to bring it to one place (WWW) and also the ability to connect millions of computer (Internet) and enable the users to share information (Berners et al., 2017).
Some of the changes in professional communication that have enabled the transition from written form of communication to electronic form of communication is the invention of wide-band communication lines, packet switching, the Internet protocol suite, Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) and hypertext links, which have enabled people to communicate electronically through different machine. They enable the sending and receiving of information particularly through the Internet and the World Wide Web (Curran, 2012).
- Aghaei, S., Nematbakhsh, M. A., & Farsani, H. K. (2012). Evolution of the world wide web: From WEB 1.0 TO WEB 4.0. International Journal of Web & Semantic Technology, 3(1), 1.
- Berners-Lee, T., Cailliau, R., Groff, J. F., & Pollermann, B. (2010). World-wide web: The information universe. Internet Research, 20(4), 461-471.
- Curran, J. (2012). Rethinking internet history. James Curran, Natalie Fenton, and Des Freedman. Misunderstanding the Internet. London: Routledge, 34-65.