The Boston Marathon Bombing
|Subject:||🏥 Health Care|
|Topics:||Medicine, Terrorism, Universal Healthcare, ⏳ Social Issues, 🚸 Public Policy, 👨🏻🦼 Community Service|
Boston Marathon bombing was one of the most unfortunate attack that was least expected. The Boston Marathon is a 26.6-mile marathon that is usually held during the Patriots’ Day. Patriots Day is a holiday of the Massachusetts that is usually in memory of the battles of Concord and Lexington in 1775. The nature of the marathon is such that the course is a straight line that cuts across eight towns and cities. It was reported that bombs which were two in number and homemade detonated 210 yards apart and 12 seconds at 2:49 p.m. The detonation happened close to the finish line during the Boston annual Marathon. Three causalities of death were reported and others severely wounded comprising of 16 who had their limbs lost (Kotz 2013). Following the attack, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) gave images of the suspects behind the killings. The suspects were later identified as Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev -the Chechen-American brothers. One was killed and the other Dzhokhar was arrested while on the run. He confessed of the bombing and alleged that extremist beliefs of Islamic religion and wars in Afghanistan motivated them to self-radicalization. He was late given a death sentence.
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During the bombing, there were several nongovernmental organizations that provided support. The American Red Cross played a pivotal role in providing essential services like emotional support to the citizens who were struggling to come to terms with the events in the community. The organization offered first aid and also encouraged the athletes on the sidelines of the event. Another organization known as the Massachusetts Office for Victim Assistance (MOVA), Volunteered in giving information about the services and the available financial aid to the causalities that of the Bombing (Kellermann et al. 2013).
Public utility recovery plan was later adopted. The first was the restoration of the Boylston Street. The mayor of the city instructed the OEM director to execute a plan of the reopening of the Street to the businesses and other residents immediately after completion of the investigation by the FBI. The agencies who were charged with the restoration of the Street aimed at removing the debris. Access was given to the businesses in order to restock and ensure they have passed inspections to get the work permits for reopening so that the general public is allowed.
The security personnel had access to the commercial buildings to ensure that there were no explosives remaining. The public utilities were secured and all security measures exhausted to ensure safety for the customers and the public. Also, the city empowered the business people through the provision of financial assistance. Through the initiative of the Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) business people were empowered to reopen their businesses (Gates et. al.2014).
An effective response from the emergency medical services to the victims helped save lives through their heroic acts. Studies reveal that the formal care giving by the emergency services enhanced healings within the community. The significant resources that were channeled towards the professional mental health care bore fruits in the recovery of the community. Mental health efforts ranging from counseling, therapy, psychological first aid and the treatment of the long trauma like depression and anxiety ensured that the community recovered. The attention that the affected community received from friends and families as an informal support also helped in the recovery. For instance, a large number of people in Boston created an avenue for dealing with emotions and also providing solidarity in the wake of the disaster, this highly contributed toward the community recovery (Comer et al.2014).
- Kotz, D. (2013). Injury Toll from Marathon Bombs Reduced to 264. The Boston Globe. (April 24, 2013).
- Kellermann, A. L., & Peleg, K. (2013). Lessons from Boston. New England Journal of Medicine, 368(21), 1956-1957.
- Gates, J. D., Arabian, S., Biddinger, P., Blansfield, J., Burke, P., Chung, S., & Gupta, A. (2014). The initial response to the Boston marathon bombing: lessons learned to prepare for the next disaster. Annals of surgery, 260(6), 960-966.
- Comer, J. S., Dantowitz, A., Chou, T., Edson, A. L., Elkins, R. M., Kerns, C., … & Green, J. G. (2014). Adjustment among area youth after the Boston Marathon bombing and subsequent manhunt. Pediatrics, 134(1), 7-14.
Offered for reference purposes only.