Roles of the Forensic Psychology Professional in Crisis Situation
|Topics:||🦹🏻 Criminal Psychology, Forensic Science, Law Enforcement, Police, 👨🏻⚖️ Criminal Justice|
Since the early 1970s, some medical psychologists have been involved in the circumstances of the critical incident, which are categorized as either captive incidents or calamity interventions circumstances. The police psychologists are important contributors to the learning of tactical and disaster as well as captive negotiators. The responsibilities of the forensic psychologists on-scene is offering professional consulting services by potential behavioral impacts of psychopathology as well as pharmacological, choosing of main and minor negotiators, recommendations, moreover input concerning the real negotiation procedures, as well as operational discussion to the strategic commanding officer. Research notions that department of police which hires psychologists during the time of special cases have significantly fewer causalities of both parties and many incidents which are resolved peacefully through discussed surrender than through tactical entry or may be violence disagreement (Dalton, Thompson & Price, 1977). The police psychologists, in offering cogent consultation as well robust knowledge dynamics to particular policy disaster responses group, have crafted a dramatic donation to decreasing the danger of damage as well as death for everybody who participated in the critical events.
The disaster negotiation team as well the disaster intervention group has been created in the more recent decades to help the enforcement of law officials in resolving hostage or disaster situations effectively (Fagan & Ayers, 1982). Though the officials of law enforcement and the researchers have parallel opinions on the matter, clinical health officers have in the past played, and will keep on playing, an important role when handling cases like hostage or disaster situations as well as in the creation of the plans to effectively resolve the problems.
The crisis intervention teams(CTIs), as well as the crisis negotiation team, have been in the present years developed to help the officials of law enforcement in resolving the crisis/hostage incidents effectively as the ones talked about herein (Drew, Carless, & Thompson, 2008). The officials involved in enforcing law as well as the researchers might have distinct subject opinions. The professionals of mental health have played previously, and will keep on playing, a tremendously beneficial and significant role when solving crisis/hostage situations as well as in the improvement of strategies to resolve them successfully (Sanders, 2008). These strategies, alongside assistance of CITs and CNTs, provide the officials of law enforcement with the chance to potentially determine the turbulent conditions, not including the need to utilize the fatal force against the executors.
During the training of the members of CNT, particularly within the mental health problem’s area, the professionals of forensic psychology may serve as a priceless resource (McGrath & Guller, 2009). A knowledgeable forensic psychologist may help the teams of CNT by training the crisis negotiators within the scope of recognition of personality features of an individual(s) who may become a hostage taker (Sarchione, Cuttler, Muchinsky, & Nelson-Gray, 1998). The professionals of forensic psychology offer training to the team members to perform the application of the several strategies in fictitious crisis/hostage conditions. They assist the members of the team with more useful implementation of team development, teamwork, as well as cohesiveness amongst the members of the team; and provide responders of crisis like the administrative decision-makers, tactical teams, and the crisis mediator with the chance to practice intermingling, as a cohesive unit.
There is a possibility that one of the professionals of forensic psychology’s roles is counseling or/and debriefing roles that regularly supersede crisis/hostage (Sollund, 2008). It is not rare for the forensic psychologists to be told to counsel or debrief hostages in incidents that are critical, and the personnel of law enforcement, to help them deal with the feelings caused by an event as such. One psychological debriefing form is called the Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) or the Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM). In a struggle to help individuals who had survived crisis/hostage condition recuperate from the incident; Jeffrey T. Mitchell first developed this model in the year 1983 (Sollund, 2008). Within the immense majority of cases, CISM or CISD are performed by people skilled in intervention of crisis and consist of the backing of not less than one professional of forensic psychology (Van Maanen, 1973).
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Copyright 1982 by SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. JOURNALS. Reprinted by permission of SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. JOURNALS via the Copyright Clearance Center
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