Jason case study – biopsychosocial factors

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Abstract

This case study paper makes a detailed study on the case of Jason who is a young family guy and the soul provider of his family. In the paper we analyse the problems that Jason encounters and the impacts it has on him basing on the biological response and the psychological response. A further recommendation on a possible solution to his depression stress and anxiety is student. Additionally, his work place problems are addressed by recommendation of the best solution to him.

His work problems include the use of computers and his supervisor who happens to be in disagreement. The supervisor is not comfortable with the ten days Jason has not been around yet the accident was involved in was minor according to him. A solution recommendation for his work place is therefore made, suggested and analysed.

Introduction

Each individual is different. Having stated this, its right to say that each individual is affected differently with events be it socially, biologically and also psychologically. It’s therefore wrongly interpreted in most health models who view that those diagnosed of the same problems are subject to the same treatment. It is wrong as different people respond differently to various treatments. The patient and the practitioner therefore assume different roles.  In reference to the biomedical model, the patient is required to take commands from the practitioner. On the other hand, in reference to biopsychosocial model the treatment is viewed as a negotiation between both parties that is the patient and the practitioner.

It’s therefore right to say that the means assumed by the practitioner have a bigger impact on the end results to the patient. In our case study that involves Jason the young family guy, the best approach to be used in helping him is the latter—biopsychosocial health model (Jennings, Clifford, Fox, O’Connell, & Gardner, 2015). This means would help provide an effective treatment approach as it relates to his psychological and social factors that the practitioner will need to relate with. This case study therefore looks into the psychological and social factors that face him and the impact the family faces from his suffering.

Background Information

This case study develops around Jason. The 29 year old Jason is a family guy who is married to his partner of over 10 years and has a child of age 3 years. With their child born he is forced to take full responsibility by being the s ole provider for the family now that his wife assumes full care for their child. Unfortunately, he was involved in a car accident making it very difficult to make it to and from work (Brown, Scharf, Bustos, Chavira, & Stein, 2013). He was injured both physically and emotionally. The physical injuries incurred include whiplash injury that impacted great pain and much discomfort especially when in his place of work as a data entry specialist. His supervisor is not convinced of his pain and claims that he should not be given time of as it was a minor accident. He is covered under the work cover insurance but he is stressed out that the insurer may not offer the compensation plan.

Depression and stress

Stress and depression relays how the body reacts to various occurrence and demands. The stress can grow leading to depression by stimulating depression feelings (Foster & McVey Neufeld, 2013). These feelings in the long run become difficult and out of control to contain at the end as it grows. Ultimately high end stress mostly income and family matters may end up leading to depression.

Jason suffers from depression. He has even made attempts to seek medical attention but all that is killing him is the thought of his families well being (Pasipoularides, 2014). He is the sole provider for his family as his wife has committed a hundred percentage of her time for their child.

It is from this depression that makes life events even more difficult. It affects both mental and physical health of an individual in this case Jason.

Jason is unable to uphold coping strategies that are vital for depression management. He has a feeling of withdrawal as to him everybody around him does not seem to understand him. In his place of work he is misunderstood and his supervisor wants him back and that he should stop wasting more time away from work (Keder, Sege, Raffalli, & Augustyn, 2013). The supervisor has different thoughts on the accident that Jason had. He is said to have spent ten days away from work seeking medication for a minor injury.

How to control depression and stress

Adoption of stress management techniques is important in curbing depression. Jason who is depressed should apply the following techniques to relieve the depression he is undergoing. Jason should ensure;

  1. He gets enough rest and sleep
  2. He maintains a balanced and healthy diet with enough water
  3. He gets regular exercise and keep fit
  4. He does relax by concentrating more on his hobby. This will ensure he does not think a lot hence minimal stress.
  5. He talks to a therapist or a counsellor. Sharing what affects you with a professional mental heath advisor will help come up with useful ways of minimizing the depression at hand. Additionally, the therapist may prescribe useful medication that may impact greatly.

Anxiety and irritability

The biopsychosocial model is often encompassed with anxiety. Anxiety is often characterized with an individual being uneasy especially on how a situation will end up unfolding (Novy & Aigner, 2014). This is not considered lightly as for psychologist they need to understand if the nature of occurrence is repetitive or if it is the first time it is occurring.

The biopsychosocial model of anxiety has in place that one can experience anxiety at ay level but more likely in the level of phobia. In this level, individuals are controlled and even affected by not only their environment, but also their psyche and physiology all concurrently.

In Jason’s case, he is full of anxiety in that he is in dilemma himself on what the insurer will decide on his case. Jason is covered under the work cover who according to him they were to take care of all the medical bills (Zuckerman, Sanoff, & Augustyn, 2010). Jason develops negative feelings on the outcome expected and frustration grows in him.

Biological response

Every other person despite their background or financial status is prone to fear. The difference is the level of fear each has. Some may be more vulnerable as compared to their counterparts (Castel, Ginsburg, Zaheer, & Tamim, 2015). Biologically, the brain responds in different impulses which then make a heightened sense and other different reactions when fear is witnessed.

Psychological response

In life we encounter different events and scenario which may cause different types of stresses and irritability. The psychological response comes at hand when an individual reacts to this stresses (Santino et al., 2013). A set of guilt develops in reference to the emotions, thoughts ad perspective one takes in the event in question.

Management of computer usage

This means should be able to help Jason reduce pain, the strains in while working and physical or mental injury. Comfort and relaxation should be aimed at in Jason’s pace o work. He can therefore attain this through;

  1. Arranging his workstation (Mccracken et al., 2015). He should remove all the unwanted stuffs and acquire all the necessary stuffs he needs to use for the day. This minimizes movement.
  2. Adapting a laptop in his work place. The laptops are flexible and therefore easily adjusted to ones angle of use.
  3. Modification of body mechanics by purchasing eyeglasses if the lights emanating from the monitor affects him.
  4. Making his work schedule accommodative. Jason should aim at minimizing the time spent on computer

How to minimise the neck pains

Neck rotation by Jason should be done in a slow motion such that he does not suppose the limit where he was affected in the car accident. B doing this he should have his shoulder leaning back and downward and maintain minimal shoulder circles.

Conclusion

Different occurrences pose different effect on us. They can make us feel depressed, stressed and even anxious. The impacts on u may affect us differently as we are all not the same. For Jason case his car accident negatively affects him and his family. Needless of all possible solutions to this effect can be made ranging from booking therapy appointments to maintaining a balanced diet and exercised body.

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  1. Brown, S., Scharf, M. A., Bustos, C., Chavira, D., & Stein, M. T. (2013). “Media Addiction” in a 10-Year-Old Boy. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 34(5), 375–378. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0b013e318295d9f5
  2. Castel, E. S., Ginsburg, L. R., Zaheer, S., & Tamim, H. (2015). Understanding nurses’ and physicians’ fear of repercussions for reporting errors: clinician characteristics, organization demographics, or leadership factors? BMC Health Services Research, 15(1), 326. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-0987-9
  3. Foster, J. A., & McVey Neufeld, K. A. (2013). Gut-brain axis: How the microbiome influences anxiety and depression. Trends in Neurosciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2013.01.005
  4. Jennings, N., Clifford, S., Fox, A. R., O’Connell, J., & Gardner, G. (2015). The impact of nurse practitioner services on cost, quality of care, satisfaction and waiting times in the emergency department: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.07.006
  5. Keder, R., Sege, R., Raffalli, P. C., & Augustyn, M. (2013). Bullying and ADHD: which came first and does it matter? Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP, 34(8), 623–5. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000011
  6. Mccracken, L. M., Davies, M., Scott, W., Paroli, M., Harris, S., & Sanderson, K. (2015). Can a psychologically based treatment help people to live with chronic pain when they are seeking a procedure to reduce it? Pain Medicine (United States), 16(3), 451–459. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12623
  7. Novy, D. M., & Aigner, C. J. (2014). The biopsychosocial model in cancer pain. Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care, 8(2), 117–123. https://doi.org/10.1097/SPC.0000000000000046
  8. Pasipoularides, A. (2014). Historical continuity in the methodology of modern medical science: Leonardo leads the way. International Journal of Cardiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.11.133
  9. Santino, A., Taurino, M., De Domenico, S., Bonsegna, S., Poltronieri, P., Pastor, V., & Flors, V. (2013). Jasmonate signaling in plant development and defense response to multiple (a)biotic stresses. Plant Cell Reports. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-013-1441-2
  10. Zuckerman, B., Sanoff, M. K., & Augustyn, M. (2010). Who Rules the Roost? Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 31(1), 72–74. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0b013e3181c8cc94
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