How does Hirsch’s social control theory fit Durkheim’s egoistical and anomic suicide?

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Foremost, it is important to comprehend the basis and the scope of Hirsch’s social control theory and Durkheim suicide concept.  Travis Hirsch conceptualized this theory so as to give an explanation as to why people follow and obey laws. The theory explains that people only disobey laws when they feel their bond to their society is weakened or detached. He explained the approach as founded on four specific elements that are involvement, commitment, attachment, and belief. David Durkheim explains the egoistic suicide concept and the anomic suicide idea. The latter is marked with desire and sensuality while the former suicide concept is marked with deep meditation and self-examination. There is a probable connection between the social control theory and Durkheim’s egotistical and anomic suicide.

As explained by Durkheim, egoistic suicide is as a result of deterioration of the social and family bonds by the victim. This loss of bonds might lead to disappointments and disillusionment causing an anomic suicide. This assertion means that individualization and lack of formidable relationships may push an individual to commit suicide or other crimes. This deliberation can be linked to Hirsch’s theory which is also focused on obeying societal laws as a result of having bonds with the given society. Committing suicide is an offense in most societies; it can be attributed that the lack of these bonds or lessening of bonds made the victim to disobey the law and consequently commit suicide. Notably, people who break laws or commit suicide are lonely, and they feel useless. This assertion explains the higher suicide rates/committing offenses rates in widowed/ single/divorced persons than those who are married. Conclusively, Hirsch’s social control theory fits Durkheim’s egoistical and anomic suicide as applied by Blum & Jaworski since they all allude to bonds between the victims and the society or its members.

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  3. Eargle, L. & Esmail, A. (2016). Gun violence in American society: Crime, Justice, and Public Policy (1st ed.). New York: University Press of America.
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